How to Build Your Own
(Slot A Processor)
Part 5 - Install the Disk Drives
Last updated: 5/10/00
Also see How to
Build a Computer with a Socket A Athlon or Duron Processor
Part 5 of this article we describe how to install the floppy drive, hard
disk, DVD drive, and Zip drive.
48. Remove the floppy drive from its anti-static
bag, orient it so the printed circuit board is to the left and the cable
connectors are towards the back of the case, maneuver it into the second
drive bay to left in the 3 1/2" drive cage, and push until it meets
resistance by the front of case. Secure the drive with two "Packard
Bell" screws (they look like small "chassis screws") . Test
the drive with a floppy disk to see if it is aligned properly--insert and
eject the floppy.
Do not over-torque the screws. Never over-torque
any screws securing any kind of drive. You can warp the frame and
ruin the drive. Always use the correct screws for a given drive. They
may vary with the type and manufacturer of a drive, and those supplied
with various chassis vary. A screw that is too long can also ruin
the hard disk from its anti-static bag, check that the jumpers are in their
default positions, orient it so the bottom of the drive is to the left and
the cable connectors are to the rear, slid it into the bay furthest to the
left, and align the holes. Secure the drive with two chassis screws
at the front and back. The middle hole isn't used.
50. Push the locking lever on the 3 1/2 drive cage
towards the rear (OPEN position), slid the bay back and then up to remove
it from the chassis.
51. Set the cage on the workbench and finish securing
the drives with the appropriate screws, two screws per drive. Put the
drive bay back in the computer (down and slid forward), lock it in place
by pushing the lever forward to the closed position, grasp the drive bay
and make sure it is properly locked into place, and test the floppy drive
52. Reach into the case and push out the top 5 1/4" drive
bay dust cover and put it in the motherboard box.
53. From the front of the case remove the second
from the top (next one to the left) drive bay cover and place it in the motherboard
54. Being careful not to cut yourself, grasp the
middle of the metal blank covering the second bay from the top, twist it
in out until it breaks loose, and trash it.
Pliers are required to remove the blanks from some
the DVD drive from its plastic bag and put it's driver floppy, audio cable,
and safety instructions in the motherboard box.
56. Jumper the DVD drive as a Master drive.
the 40-conductor ATA-33 IDE hard disk cable that came with the motherboard
from the plastic containing it and the floppy drive cable. Plug the
last connector at the end of this cable that has two connectors on it into
the DVD drive so the red stripe is toward the power connector.
58. Plug either end of the DVD audio cable into the
AUDIO OUT jack on the DVD drive.
59. Feed the cables, followed by the DVD drive into
the top bay of the case and secure the drive with two Packard Bell screws.
60. Unpack the Zip drive and remove it from its anti-static
bag. Place the Zip cartridge and software CD that came with the drive
in the motherboard box.
61. Verify that the Zip is set as a Slave drive (no
the Zip drive in the 3 1/2" to 5 1/4" Floppy Drive Mounting Kit
with four Packard Bell screws and install the unit in the second bay from
the top with two of the screws that came with the mounting kit or two chassis
screws, depending on the kit.
63. Tip the case upright and install the remaining
screws for the DVD and Zip drives, two in each drive.
64. Inspect the front of the case and be sure the
exposed drives are properly aligned, flush with the front, and present a
65. Tip the chassis back on its right side.
66. Unpack and plug-in the keyboard and mouse.
The receptacles are labeled on the I/O panel. I
use a known-good shop keyboard and mouse at this stage.
67. Plug the end without the twist of the floppy
disk drive cable that came with the motherboard into the motherboard in the
connector labeled "FDD1" with the red strip towards the right (pin
1). Connect the other end, after the twist, to the floppy drive with
the red strip down and away from the power connector.
Most motherboards have the pin one of the floppy connector
going in the same direction as the IDE connectors; this one doesn't. Many
floppy drives have pin 1 towards the power connector.
68. Fold-up and zip-tie the excess cable.
69. Locate one of the power supply cable with a 3
1/2" drive power connector it into the 3 /12" floppy drive.
70. Plug-in the computer power cord, make sure the
monitor is still attached, turn-on the computer, put a bootable floppy with
something on it in the floppy drive, and verify that the drive works.
If the floppy drive LED stays on all of the time,
the cable is plugged-in backwards.
71. Unplug the computer. Fold-up the
excess floppy drive cable and zip-tie it.
Do not pull the zip-tie too tight. I've seen
them remove the insulation on flat cables.
72. Verify that the flat cable going to the CD-ROM
is still fully plugged into the CD-ROM--push on it. Connect the other
end of the cable to the motherboard connector labeled "SECONDARY," the
one at the front of the motherboard, with the red strip to the left.
73. Do not connect the Zip drive.
74. Plug 5 1/4" power connector furthest from
the power supply on the cable with three of these connectors into the CD-ROM.
75. Power-up the computer and see if it detects the
76. Connect the remaining flat cable connector on
the cable going to the DVD drive into Zip drive with red stripe towards the
power connector. Plug the connector second form the end on the cable
going to the DVD drive into the Zip drive. Power-up and see if the
system detects the Zip and DVD drives. Check jumpers and cables if
it doesn't. Fold-up and zip-tie any excess in the flat cable going
to the DVD and Zip drives.
77. Plug the rear chassis fan into the remaining
connector on the DVD and Zip drive cable, route it around the CPU, and zip-tie
it with one of the unused power cables, after coiling the excess, and the
audio cable to the ATX power cable going to the motherboard.
the Amphenol 80-Conductor (40-pin) ATA-66 hard disk cable and plug the blue
plug into the motherboard connector labeled "PRIMARY" with the
red strip to the left. Plug the black connector at the other end of
the cable into the hard disk drive with the red stripe towards the power
ATA-66 cables vary. The ends may be tagged instead
of color coded or both. Some of them have a blue stripe instead
of red stripe on them.
79. Plug the other power connector on the cable attached
to the floppy disk drive into the hard disk drive.
80. Plug-in the power cord and see if the computer
detects the hard disk drive. If so, turn-off the power and unplug the
81. Plug the front chassis fan into the remaining
power supply cable, coil-up any excess and zip-tie it to the power cable
going to the hard disk drive.
82. Power-up and verify that the system detects all
drives and that the chassis fans are blowing in the right direction. The
front fan blows air into the case and the rear fan blows it out.
the remaining front panel cables. The one label on the H.D.D. LED cable
faces forward and the label on the POWER LED cable faces to the right. Verify
that both LEDs work and the RESET switch functions. This case has no
key lock. Fold-up the excess front panel wires and zip-tie them together.
Your computer should now look like the one in the picture
to the right.
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