Red Hat Linux 9.0 Clean Install
- The Whole Enchilada
Last updated: 5/21/03
SAMBA AND SWAT
SWAT (Samba Web Administration Tool) is not installed as part of the
Red Hat 9.0 Windows Networking selection. Selecting samba-swat as part
of the Red Hat 9.0 installation (Check Individual Package Selection in the
Package Group Selection, Tree View, Applications, System - added samba-swat)
does not produce a working SWAT. The samba-swat RPM on the third Red
Hat CD does not fully install.
Also, in a previous install, I installed the Server Configuration Tools
and attempted to install Samba with Start, System Settings, Server Settings,
Samba Server and encountered all sorts of problems. It insisted on
using mygroup as a workgroup name and only implemented one of the user
accounts. When I went into /etc/samba and edited smb.conf and manually
entered the workgroup name, it showed-up in Windows with both workgroup
names (after refreshing, etc.). SWAT is by far the best tool I've
seen for configuring Samba and I have looked at most them. Hand editing
the configuration file with gedit and entering samba user accounts and
passwords at the command line in the terminal is the second best way.
More details on ways to install Samba with screen shots are presented in How
to Network Red Hat Linux and Microsoft Windows. However,
that article is presently based on RH 7.3 and the following procedures
differ somewhat. In particular, see the article for an example of how
to set-up a broadband (cable/DSL) router to work with this network configuration
of RH Linux 9.0. The router configuration was not changed.
In Nautilus, right-clicked a blank area in /root, made new folder/directory,
and named it RPM. Opened RPM and made a new folder: samba.
Used Mozilla to download the latest
samba RPM (includes SWAT)...
(This RPM, listed under Red Hat 8.0, works with Red Hat 9.0 and has/had the
latest security fixes.)
In Nautilus, double-clicked the file, samba-2.2.8a-1.i386.rpm, to install
it. You may have to wait some for a response. Simple enough.
With Nautilus, went into /ect/samba, highlighted smb.conf (the samba configuration
file), Edit, Duplicate, to make a back-up copy.
Edited the smb.conf file... In Mozilla highlight the text below starting with
[global] and ending with bad user, right-click, copy.
netbios name = LINUX
workgroup = WORKGROUP
server string = Samba Server
hosts allow = 192.168.123. 127.
guest account = pcguest
security = share
encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
unix password sync = Yes
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*
pam password change = yes
obey pam restrictions = yes
socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
comment = Shared read/write directory for all LAN users and guests
path = /home/shared
public = yes
only guest = yes
writable = yes
printable = no
comment = Home directories
browseable = no
writable = yes
valid users = %S
create mode = 0664
directory mode = 0775
map to guest = bad user
Right-clicked smb.conf and Opened it with gedit, Edit, selected Select All
to highlight all of the text in the smb.conf file, right-clicked on the highlighted
text, and selected Paste to overwrite it with the above text, and saved the
With Nautilus, went into /etc/xinetd.d, highlighted swat (the SWAT configuration
file), Edit, Duplicate, to make a back-up copy.
Right-click, Open With, gedit, to edit it, and changed disabled = yes to disabled
= no. Remarked-out only_from = 127.0.0.1 by putting a # in front of it
# only_from = 127.0.0.1
...so SWAT can be run from any PC on our LAN.
Fired-up Services from the gnome panel, highlighted xinetd, Restart, and waited
while xinetd finished restarting.
File, Refresh Services, and noted that swat was present and was checked. xinetd
starts swat when it starts.
Checked and started smb, which is samba...
Tested swat ... In the Mozilla, entered...
... in the Address box, logged in as root and checked the remember values
checkbox while doing so.
If you make a mistake logging-in, you may have to restart xinetd to get
rid of the login error and to get the login prompt back.
SWAT is up.
Tested swat from my 2000 Pro computer... In the Windows Explorer, entered...
... in the IE Address box. It can also be accessed with http://linux:901 once
samba is up/host tables are installed (see below). Samba does not have
to be running to use SWAT. SWAT modifies configuration files.
Used SWAT on from my Windows 2000 Pro computer to make the following samba
It's like this... Click the PASSWORD icon. You see root already filled-in
for the User Name. Enter the password twice, click Add New User, click
Enable User, replace root with the next user name, enter the password twice,
Add New User, Enable, etc. You will see SWAT respond to each of these
actions right under the Change Password button. I leave learning the
rest of SWAT as an "exercise for the student." You can use
it from any PC on the network, along with the comments in the original samba
configuration file you backed-up to modify the example Samba configuration,
to suite you needs. Before using it, I would backup my working configuration
Start, Network Servers and you should see WORKGROUP in Nautilus. Double-click
WORKGROUP and you should see the PCs that are active on the LAN and properly
configured. Double-click a PC to see its shared drives, etc. That may
require that you login to the PC. Another way to bring-up WORKGROUP in
Nautilus is to type smb: in the Location box.
Right-click a text file on one of the disc shares, Copy File, pick a blank
spot on the gnome desktop, right-click, Paste Files, and you should see its
icon on the gnome desktop.
Went to Windows 2000 Pro computer opened My Network Places, Entire Network,
Microsoft Windows Network, Workgroup with the Windows Explorer and linux was
in the right window pane. Double-clicked and became listed in the left
pane. It works the same way the first time for Comptuers Near Me. From
Windows Me, the process is... Restart, Windows Explorer, My Network Places,
Entire Network, Workgroup, and you should see linux. My Windows 2000
Pro computer did not require restarting. If this is the first login you
will be prompted for your Samba Account/Password. You should not have
to login in again after that.
Samba is up and the Linux host computer is networked with the other
computers on the LAN. And that's cool!
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